There are numerous factors that played their role in destruction. Natural disasters were the one and ignorance was the other. These monuments were evacuated from the coffins of saints at the time of floods and these monuments were not the holy place anymore as the saint was buried somewhere else and these places became orphan. Tomb of Bahaul Haleem and other nearby tombs are made by coal brunt bricks which are still more stiff and reliable then our bricks today. So people took these valuable bricks when they needed them for construction of their own homes or sometimes for the construction of graves when their loved one died. Two thoughts were behind this act.Prevention from Water
• These bricks are sacred and therefore will make the grave of their beloved one sacred.
• They are better than the bricks available today.
• Free things are always the best, no matter from where you get them.
In addition to that, some glazed tiles were taken by the villagers of the place when they were fallen and some times pulled away just to keep something from the tomb that is being demolished, so they could have some remaining with them. Although the thought was not destructive, yet it was one of the destructive reasons.
When restoration procedure was started, restoration workers went to villagers and requested them to hand them over all the tiles and bricks that they have with them and villagers did some cooperation and few tiles and bricks were recovered. But what ever was recovered was only a fraction of what was taken away.
Now lets conclude the solutions for this destruction.
• One is placement of watchman who is already there since 1986. He is an employee of Federal Archeological Department and stays near these monuments 8 hours a day. This may seem insufficient, but those 8 hours are the hours when most visitors visit these places and there fore, majority of visitors are still taken care in these 8 hours. Department can arrange one more person and increase the care time to reduce the chances of damage by visitors to further degree.
• A temporary boundary wall around these monuments can be built to stop people touch these monuments.
• Secondly, educate the local population and tell them what worthy monuments they are damaging.
• Preach the population about what is homage and what is disrespect, so they would change their attitude towards these monuments that is totally based on devotion, but is destructive in nature.
Water has been the most destructive agent since the time these monuments are built. Firstly, it was the flood and rain water that damaged the structure badly and infect 80% of which is already gone. Floods of 18th and then 19th century are the two major floods that caused major damages. We cannot blame only floods which destructed them; rain and uncontrolled rain water are equally responsible. Tomb of Bahaul Haleem is made with mud and clay as the sticking element. This mud is washable and that was the reason the whole tomb was covered with glazed tiles to provide water proof layer. Once those protecting layers were gone, mud was exposed to water and was consistently dissolved by water. This dissolving left the bricks unprotected and they started falling with time.
There are few portions of the tomb that are covered protected with plaster and some effort is made to keep them intact, but its only the fraction of effort that is required to keep these monuments saved. However, to prevent rain water from coming here, water channels are being built which will definitely prevent water to flow towards them and harm the monument basis. Removal of unsustainable portions
There are few wooden structures that have been damaged to the degree that hey cannot be used in the new structure. But there are few that are still good in condition. We can classify them in three categories
• Structures that are still in good shape and will remain part of the monument as such.
• Structures that need additional support but they will remain part of monument.
• Structures that are damaged and will be replaced by new ones.
But this analysis that which portions are to be used as such, which require support and which portions require replacement will be considered in the second phase.